1% Commission "Full Service" Real Estate Agents – Are They Worth the Savings?

As you’re probably already aware, most real estate agents are paid on a percentage-based commission structure of the overall sale value of the associated home or real estate. Typically, this percent commission is around 6%, with 3% going to the selling-agent’s firm and the other 3% going to the buying-agent’s firm.

Begin mild-ranting about the current real estate agent commission structure… 

Due to the very nature of this commission structure, an immediate conflict of interest presents itself for the buying-agent. This is due to the fact that the buyer wants to pay as low of a price as possible for the property investment, but the agent will receive less money if he or she secures his or her buyer a lower price. Of course, if you find a professional agent, the expectation is that the buyer’s agent will act in your best interest instead of solely for monetary gain. In fact, when I purchased my condominium last year, my full service buying agent acted very responsibly in trying to find me a reasonable place for the best price possible. End complaining.

So, the bottom line is that with regular real estate agents, the seller can expect to give away about 6% of the money he or she receives from the buyer to pay for real estate agent services (this does not include closing fees of course). While 6% may not seem like a ton of money (after all, we pay waiters and waitresses 15% commission on the food we buy), if you are selling your $500,000 McMansion house, you’re looking at shelling out close to $30,000 to the real estate agents in one transaction. Looking at numbers like this, you can really see how potentially lucrative being an effective real estate agent can be!

Recently, while driving my car around town or riding my bike through the countryside, I’ve begun to see more and more “FOR SALE” signs popping up advertising that the seller of the property is using a 1% commission real estate agent to assist in selling the property. Here in Virginia, one of the popular 1% commission companies I often see is Equity Saver USA.

Clearly, these sellers weren’t all too willing and anxious to fork over the hefty 6% real estate agent fee and were looking for an alternative. In seeing these signs, I began to wonder several things that I wanted to examine in today’s post –

  • 1) Do these 1% commission agents offer similar types of services as regular real estate agents, and if not, what services do they take shortcuts on in order to save money?, and 
  • 2) Are these 1% real estate agents able to negotiate good prices for the property sellers?


What Services Do 1% Commission Full Service Real Estate Agents Offer?

All of you have most likely heard the age-old adage that states, “You get what you pay for.”

Translating this to the current investigation, my initial thought would be that if you decided to use a 1% commission agent to sell your home, you’d get a worse service with fewer actions taken on your behalf. However, according to 1% commission agent websites, they are able to offer the same services as 6% commission agents for a lower cost because they use a model that takes advantage of technological resources that were not available 20 years ago when 6% commissions were the norm.

Because of this potential discrepancy, I feel it’s important for us to take a look at exactly what types of services 1% commission agents offer. The following services were listed on 1% commission agent, Equity Saver USA’s, website. The description of some of the services are adapted slightly for increased readability.

    • Upload 10 minutes of full speed online video showcasing your property.
    • Broadcast up to 5 minutes of AM audible sales information to potential buyers listing from their car radio.
    • Automated and extensive use of all real estate and social networking sites, including MLS & Realtor.com.
    • 24/7 dedicated phone support and tour scheduling.
    • Mobile office with Internet access, GPS, TV, DVD, satellite radio and leather captain chairs.
    • Use of larger 24″x36″ FOR SALE signs for greater visibility.
    • Online access to all Virginia Association of Realtor approved contract forms.
    • Custom websites dedicated to showcasing your property.
    • Utilize “old fashioned” print, radio and TV advertising when needed.
    • We are designated Realtors. Realtors subscribe to a strict code of ethics and are expected to maintain a higher level of knowledge related to buying and selling real estate.


How Effective are 1% Commission Agents?

Looking at the list of services that 1% commission agents offer above, it seems to me that at least officially, these 1% commission real estate agents offer all of the services that I would need in an agent if I were to ever sell my condo. They even offer full MLS listing, which is a key feature in today’s “online” real estate shopping market.

However, my worry in blindly using a 1% commission real estate agent to sell my condo lies in the unsaid importance of the “unofficial” services that real estate agents/brokers offer. In other words, I would be concerned about whether or not I’ll be forced to end up selling my home below market value if I don’t obtain these unofficial services.

In the town in which I live, most of the condos for sale that are equivalent to the one I’ll be looking to sell when I finish graduate school are being offered through Better Homes and Garden Realty, a normal full service 6% commission real estate brokerage.

Now, let’s say that I put my condo on the market using a 1% commission broker. It doesn’t take much stretch of the imagination to expect that a powerhouse like Better Home and Garden won’t be too thrilled about my 1% commission broker “stabbing the industry in the back” by charging 5X less than they are for the same services. Let’s now assume that Joe Smo, a new person in town, is looking to buy a condo in the range of the list price of my condo, but doesn’t know the area and just wants a place that will work, be safe, and is in his price range. Joe Smo, at the advice of a colleague, obtains the help of a 6% commission real estate agent to show him around.

Since there are SO many places on the market now with the economy the way it is, it again doesn’t take too much of a stretch of the imagination to envision that the agent helping Joe Smo could merely opt not to show Joe my place, in favor of helping the cause of his or her other 6% commission agent friends who are still being “true” to the real estate community. Sure, the agent would gladly show Joe my condo if he found it listed on MLS (a service included with 1% commission agents) and specifically requested to see it. But, this might not happen since Joe is new to the area.

In my opinion, it is highly likely that this unsaid, unofficial stuff takes place every day in the real estate business. And, being on the wrong side of it can be quite detrimental to obtaining a high resale value for your home.

In order to find a more definitive answer to this hypothesis, I performed an Internet search to try to find any studies that have been conducted on the effectiveness/performance of 1% commission real estate agents compared to “normally” priced ones. However, there were no studies to be found. So, we are unfortunately left with only speculation at this point (sigh).

Are 1% Commission Agents Common in Other Countries as well, or just the United States?

As I was analyzing the situation above, I began to think back on the days that I spent studying abroad in Spain in 2008. During the two months or so I was there, I lived with a family that owned the majority of the small apartment complex in which they lived. And, I began wondering whether or not people (such as mi familia en Espana) engaging in an overseas property investment (outside of the United States) encounter and have to deal with the same types of real estate agent commission issues that we do here.

In general, from what I found in looking around various online resources, 1% commission agents are definitely available for selection in other countries. For example, I found several 1% agents operating out of Canada – one in Toronto and one in Ontario. I also found a 1% commission agent operating out of Falls Church, New Zealand (I’d really like to visit NZ someday by the way!). In these countries, the “normal” rate for real estate agent commissions seemed to be somewhere between 5-8%, which seems to be about in-line with the US.

However, I read that in some instances in Europe (Spain, Bulgaria, and Cyprus), commissions paid to real estate agents can be as high as 25%! Wild stuff! I just hope that my family I lived with in Spain didn’t have to pay this much!


Drawing from the various findings of this post, several key takeaways present themselves to me.

First, while I have no doubt that a 1% commission agent can technically provide the same MLS listing and property promotion services that a 6% commission agent could, I think that the “real estate society” isn’t quite ready to part with 6% commissions, which will make it difficult for now at least to use a 1% commission agent. This is especially true in today’s “buyer’s market” where property prices are going down and down, yet the properties seem to be unable to be sold. I know this is definitely the case right now in my neighborhood.

Second, I do honestly believe that eventually, real estate agent commissions will trend down and that 1% commissions will become “accepted” in the community. This would be similar to the downward shift in stock trading commissions experienced in recent years with the advent of the deep discount brokerage. Related to this trend, I’d also be interested in keeping an eye out for any data analyses/studies that come out comparing the performance of 1% commission agents to “traditional” ones. I think that would really provide a necessary insight in to the current situation.

How about you all? Have you ever used a 1% commission real estate agent? If so, do you feel there were as effective as a traditionally-priced agent? If you’ve stayed away from 1% agents, what specifically were your concerns?

Share your experiences by commenting below!

About the Author Jacob A Irwin

Hi folks! My name is Jacob. I am the owner and operator of My Personal Finance Journey. I started this blog in January of 2010 and have enjoyed the journey ever since. Since finishing up graduate school in Virginia in 2014, I have been working in biopharmaceutical development in Colorado. You can read more about me and this site here​. Please contact me if you have any questions!

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Leave a Comment:

PKamp3 says September 30, 2011

I used Redfin when purchasing my home this year – which is actually 50% more than the commission structure you detail above, haha. I found that they were able to offer me pretty solid service, in terms of the things a traditional agent is supposed to do (tour 60+ houses, write offers, explain details and manage closing). I also found that, anecdotally, my agents were very willing to tell me problems with houses I toured – way more than some of the horror stories I heard from my home-shopping friends (namely, learning problems with houses through other channels). One reason I know they are effective is that many of the traditional agents I spoke to during my home hunt actively tried to push me away from using their services – which made me more convinced I was on the right path.

If I had to start again, would I use Redfin? Absolutely – it was a great experience, and receiving a check back in the mail a few weeks after I purchased certainly made it worth any additional legwork I had to do!
My recent post Bay Area Home Pricing – and Why It’s Probably Not a Bubble

    MyPerFinJourney says October 17, 2011

    Thanks for sharing your experiences PK!

    Is Red Fin a nationwide thing? Or, do they only operate in certain locals of the country?

    Also – do you think a discount real estate service like Red Fin would work well for you if you were selling your house? I was thinking that it might not since as the seller, you don't have as much control over who sees your house (i.e. you're depending on the buyer's agents to bring potential buyers to you, and the agents can opt to skip showing your house if listed with a “non-traditional” agency)
    My recent post Easy Like Sunday Morning Weekly Roundup – # 2 – October 16th, 2011

Janet says October 23, 2011

We were recently considering using a 1% comission real estate agent to sell our home and after them giving us their sales pitch (twice and very repetitively) they asked us to give them $1,500.00 up front before we could sign any contracts with them to “pay for the advertising” first. Does anyone know if this would be typical?? We haven't done anything yet, but I was wondering if anyone else has ever come across this type of thing.

    MyPerFinJourney says October 23, 2011

    Very good question Janet and thanks for reading!

    It is my understanding that if you're using a FULL SERVICE (meaning they get exclusive rights to sell your home and also get a % commission of the final sale value) real estate agent/broker to sell your home (even if they are a 1% outfit), that selling agent is only paid if/when they actually sell your home. Setting things up this way aligns the goals of the selling agent with the seller.

    However, if you are only contracting a selling agent on a limited-representation or ala-cart/flat rate fee basis (see examples of this limited representation on the bottom half of this page – http://www.equitysaverusa.com/sell.php), I'd imagine that some agents would require payment up-front.

    What type of agreement (full service or limited) did you talk about having with the 1% agent?
    My recent post How You Can Obtain Long-Term Electricity Savings

      MyPerFinJourney says October 23, 2011

      The paragraph below I found at the following source – http://ts.realestate.com/blogs/tipsandtools/archi

      “Second, if you’re the seller, you don’t have to pay an agent anything up-front to market your home. A real estate agent generally doesn’t receive any commission until closing, at which time they will receive the amount stipulated in their contract — typically somewhere between five and eight percent. But chances are (unless you’re in a particularly hot market) your agent is going to have to work hard to earn that commission by investing a lot of time and effort into marketing your home. And they’re going to have to give a cut of that commission to both their brokerage and the buyer’s agent (unless they represent both the buyer and the seller).”
      My recent post How You Can Obtain Long-Term Electricity Savings

Steve Rousseau says December 12, 2012

Variable rates will be the method of the future. Like stock brokers, real estate agents are being sucked into a new business model, I call it the Customer Driven Business Model. Any listing contract can in general be modified from time to time with the written concent of all parties, this includes price, commissions, and most any other factor. MLS services must abide by Federal Anti-Trust guidelines. This makes this possible, and it is helping to bring about more choice and competition in the Real Estate Arena. Steve.

Sandee says October 15, 2013

I realize this is an old thread but was researching 1% real estate options. I’ve been a real estate agent for over 15+ years and have always wanted to start a company that offers lower fees to consumers. I really think the current 6% model is outdated. I noticed that no one corrected the author in an earlier post…real estate companies that sell homes for 1% must still offer the Buyers Agent a commission percentage. So, the Seller is not really paying 5x’s less. Most 1% brokerages still convince the Seller to pay the Buyer Agent 2-3%…

Mark Wittgenstein says February 11, 2014

Interesting article and I certainly agree that realtor fees are going to come down substantially in the next few years. I say this because, pace your research, the fee charged by US realtors is globally recognized as ludicrous and an obvious, protected cartel. Not many countries in the world would allow such a state of affairs. In the UK and Ireland, for example, agent fees are never more than 1.5% (I have bought and sold a couple of properties in the UK). In my experience, 2% is considered high in the global real estate industry. Like so much in US commerce (healthcare, education, etc..) we are criminally overcharged.

Additionally, when all the talk was about trying to get the property market moving, one of the first moves would have been to get rid of these exorbitant fees that make selling a financial hammer-blow. Of course, the idea never even came into the discussion.

    dave stuart says November 19, 2015

    Hey Mark, if it was so easy easy and lucrative being an agent, most agents wouldn’t be out of the business in less than 5 yrs. I know that from the outside, it looks like agents are making money hand over fist, but I can assure you that I earn every penny of the commission I work for. I’m not sure what this cartel is that you’re referring to, an agent is free to list for whatever price they and their client agree to. When I list a property, I come out of pocket for photos/virtual tour, staging, yard signs, technology fees, lock boxes, yard signs, I provide a free home warranty to cover my clients till the property sells, and I list the property on the MLS for no upfront fees; unlike the discount listing companies who charge you an upfront fee to list your home whether or not it sells. I’m also on call all the time, I give up a lot of personal time and freedom to give my clients a high level of service, that includes the time I’m on “vacation”. When it comes time to deal with the contracts, the average home owner is going to need guidance; a good agent will give their client valuable advise that can save them quiet a bit of money. No one is forced to use a full service broker. A successful agent is successful for one reason only, they have clients who realize they offer a valuable service and are willing to pay them for that service. Sincerely, Dave Stuart

David says July 28, 2014

In two Canadain provinces, Alberta and British Colombia, there are agencies called 1% Realty. The one per cent is split between listing and buying.

By law, real estate agents can not withhold info from their client but, human nature being what it is, a house listed with 1% may not be shown first or might be subject to some consequence. Having said that, when I read the forums all agents claim that they would not be influenced by commissions. Too, paying more commission has no positive effect on price according to one economist that I read – although the house might sell faster. This study did not consider one per cent. As I recall compared 2-3-4, something like that. I am surprised that no studies have been done on the effectiveness of one per cent commissions. . I would love more info. I think that fundamentally that if house is in good shape and priced competitively and is listed in MLS, well, then I think the house sells itself. I had read somewhere, btw, that the average house needs 14 showings to sell. I imagine this varies considerably depending on market conditions. Another point of interest, FSBO actually nets almost ten per cent more than traditional realtors. This according to an economist study. I am very very leery of highly biased or skewed data provided by agents. Hope I have not rambled too much but I hope to list soon so these things are on my mind.

David says July 28, 2014

In Ottawa canada there are now a number of alternatives. Ziglu,for example, has various listing packages beginning at $200 going up to close to one thousand which Gilles, the owner, states is full service. $200 gets u on MLS. Then it is up to u to determine the commission u will pay to the purchaser’s agent. I talked to two people who used this service and they recommended Ziglu.
I was going to consider one per cent and a bonus if my expensive home sold for list price but there are no studies that support this. Again on agents’ forums they claim that a bonus would not influence them. But, again, human nature being what it is…..
Thanks btw for your article and for encouraging dialogue.

Mary Wilson says February 15, 2015

Great post. We used a 1% agent to sell our condo on the westside in LA (highly coveted area). Yes, your speculation is right. Condo was more than 8 months on the market, very low traffic, ended up selling for a lot less than other units in the area. Agent was great but clearly the real estate community did boicot us as we saw almost no prospective buyers from the big companies. We were offering the regular commission to the buyer agent (2.5% is the standard in LA). Lesson learned, next time we will pay full commission.

Jennifer Tillges says April 1, 2015

I am a licensed Realtor in MN. My question is if someone is only charging you 1% to list their home, how will they be paying out the Buyer Agent? There has to be a catch. I haven’t heard of the 1% here, however we compete against 5%, and often times they only pay out 2.5% or less when the standard is between 2.7-3%. You would like to think that your Realtor is honest, but if you had two homes that were comparable, they may steer their client to the home with a higher payout. In the case of a 1% payout, how would their Broker or the Listing Agent make any money, as they also pay for marketing and not to mention their time. On top of it,you would have to pay out the buy side. You get what you pay for and I am assuming they have low over head, work part time and are just happy to throw your home on the market and hope it sells.

Liz Murphy says August 31, 2016

Really amazing information. The agent who works all hours if the day and night makes 1% to 1.5% of the 6% package. It is only harder when the agent makes even less. Big box brokerages charge their own agents for royalties. It is tough for the lay person to even comprehend the expenses we face. In other industries, the first year graduate would be given discounts for their first 5 years getting into the associations, the MLS, the SentriLock, and the signs etc. Not in real estate. The costs are 3 x more the first year because the internal workings know 2 facts. One is that 1 in 200 people will be a realtor in their lifetime. The second thing is that 9 out of 10 realtors fail in their first 2 years. If we want reform, it will not come from the big box companies, it will come out of the agent.
Sad but true
I know because I have been a realtor 60 days.
Thanks, Liz

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